Calamine – is either a mixture of zinc oxide (ZnO) with about 0.5% ferric oxide (Fe2O3) or a zinc carbonate compound. It's used to relieve pain, itching, and discomfort from minor skin irritations. Also used as a mild antiseptic to prevent infections that can be caused by scratching the affected area, and an astringent to dry weeping or oozing blisters and acne abscesses.
Salicylic acid – organic acid originally obtained from willow bark. It's a key ingredient in many skin-care products for the treatment of various skin conditions, like acne, psoriasis, calluses, corns, ichthyosis, and, warts etc. It works by causing the cells of the epidermis to shed more readily, opening clogged pores and neutralising bacteria within, preventing pores from clogging up again by constricting pore diameter, and allowing room for new cell growth.
Triclosan – an antibacterial and antifungal agent.
Coptis japonica (Japanese goldthread) root extract – contains berberine, a plant alkaloid revered in traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Berberine has various medicinal uses, as a supplement to support treatment of heart diseases, low bone density, diabetise. Used on skin it has anti-bacterial and anti-ageing properties.
Bilberry (European blueberry) fruit/leaf extract – used in traditional European medicine, has many different healthcare uses. On skin it has anti-aging effects by stabilizing collagen structures. Recent research showed that Bilberry extract has promising anti-ulcer activity.
Portulaca Oleracea Extract (also known as wild portulaca or pigweed) – has many benefits on skin: soothing effect, accelerating healing process, improving skin's elasticity. As a natural source of vitamins A, C and E and the co-enzyme Q10, is an excellent antioxidant, fighting premature ageing and protecting skin from enviromental damage.
Cluster pine bark extract – has anti-oxidant properties and ability to enhance the
microcirculation by increasing capillary permeability. Supports healing processes, reduces scar formation.
Ivy extract – It has emollient and itch-relieving properties, as well as anti-inflammatory
and pain killing actions. It's alsoa circulatory compound and helps other ingredients to be absorbed by the skin.
Sugar Maple Extract – contains naturally occurring Malic Acid (AHA) and is used to promote smoother, younger looking and more clear skin by increasing the rate of cell renewal.
Sugar Cane Extract – main source of glycolic acid (AHA), used to promote smoother, younger looking and more clear skin by increasing the rate of cell renewal.
Orange Fruit extract – soothes sensitive, irritaed skin
Lemon fruit extract – A natural source of Vitamin C and antioxidant bioflavonoids, protects skin against damage from reactive ozone, has anti-inflammatory properties.
Raspberry Fruit Extract – soothing and relaxing to inflamed skin. Excellent for sensitive skin and any irritation from acne, shaving or windburn.
Tea tree oil – essential oil with powerful antiseptic properties, widely used in acne treatments, aids in healing and soothing the skin.